Country overview

haiti v3

Country overview

Total area [1]: 27,750 km2
[1]: tropical
Population [1]: 9,996,731 (July 2014 estimation based on several hypotheses)
Population growth rate [1]: 1.08%
Children under the age of 5 years underweight [1]: 11.6%
GDP – per capita [1]: 1,800 USD
Internally displaced persons (IDPs) - UNHCR [2]: 0
Internally displaced persons (IDPs) - IOM [3]: 64,680 (March 2015)
Refugees residing in Haiti [2]: 0
Total population of concern residing in Haiti [2]: 7
Total population of concern originating from Haiti [2]: 78,413




[1] CIA, “The World Factbook - Haiti,” 2015. [Online]. Available: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ha.html [Accessed: 13-May-2015].

[2] UNHCR, “UNHCR - Haiti,” 2015. [Online]. Available: http://www.unhcr.org/pages/49e45c156.html# [Accessed: 03-Mar-2015].

[3] IOM, “Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM),” 2015. [Online]. Available: http://iomhaitidataportal.info/dtm/ [Accessed: 13-May-2015].

Assessment phase

Assessment phase


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with the assessment phase.

Technologies proposed

Technologies proposed

The camps assessed have quite similar characteristics, thus it was decided to propose the following technologies:

  • Comparison of different improved cookstoves (ICSs)
  • Self-built refrigerator powered by solar panel
  • Water ultrafiltration unit (2 different models)

haiti technologies proposed


Food cooking will be improved through the introduction of high-efficiency improved cookstoves. These items can save a large quantity of fuel, resulting in a decreased load on the environment and consequently a reduced deforestation. Different models will be tested, in order to compare them through different aspects, like social acceptability and appropriateness for local context, durability, and fuel consumption. Models tested will be: 1) locally produced; 2) produced abroad (commercial models), but available on the local market); and 3) produced abroad and particularly famous, but unavailable on the local market.

Food storage will be improved through the installation of an experimental model of refrigerator, proposed by Politecnico di Milano. This model will be tested on the field for the first time, thus it can be considered a prototype. It should be powered by a simple photovoltaic panel, with a direct connection, thus without the need of charge controller nor batteries. However in Haiti a simplified model will be tested, equipped with charge controller and batteries. The refrigerator will be locally built, assembling some standard components for the electrical and refrigeration parts, while the vessel, including insulation, will be made of locally-available material. The installation should not need particular technical capacity, and the overall cost should be quite limited, in particular compared to commercial models.
Finally water quality will be improved through the adoption of ultra-filtration units, able to provide safe drinking water and store it directly at the point-of-use.

Pilot project story

Pilot project story

February 2015
Haiti was officially selected only in February, after a preliminary analysis of the situation and some considerations about the implementation of the SET4food pilot projects.

March – April 2015
The main part of the field assessment was carried out in March – April.

April 2015
The first draft of technologies was proposed in April.

June 2015
The discussion with the ECHO office in Haiti took more time than expected, but was fruit-bearing, as well as the meetings with other stakeholders. After the identification and analysis of very recent reports, it was decided to focus the attention only on technologies for food preservation and water purification. However some discussions with local stakeholders, in particular local authorities, regarding water filtration are still ongoing.

July – August 2015
Final list of technologies: 5 different models of water filters at point-of-use, installation and testing of experimental locally-made refrigerators (SPARK: Solar Photovoltaic Adaptable Refrigeration Kit)

September 2015
After several meetings with IDP communities, local authorities and UN-Habitat, location for filter distribution was changed. Assessment of the new location. Baseline of information collected.

October 2015
Capacity building and distribution of locally-available models of filters. SPARK refrigeration under construction.

November 2015
Custom clearance, capacity building and distribution of imported models of filters. SPARK refrigeration under construction. Construction of little buildings for housing SPARK refrigerators completed.

December 2015
Capacity building and distribution of the last model of filters. Finalization of SPARK refrigerators construction and installation, capacity building, and hand over to beneficiaries.

SET4food is a project developed by:                                                                                                                                

Logo a colori in orizzontale senza pay off    PoliMI Croped SAFE -CropedGlobal Aliance Clean Cookstoves blue v2 Transparent    FAO     WFP



                                                           Co-funded by:      

         EU CP-HA EN                                                                                                                                                  


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