Somalia

 

Country overview

somalia country

Country overview

Total area [1]: 637,657 km2
Climate [1]: principally desert
Population [1]: 10,428,043 (July 2014 estimation derived from 1975 official census)
Population growth rate [1]: 1.75%
Children under the age of 5 years underweight [1]: 32.8%
GDP – per capita [1]: 600 USD
Internally displaced persons (IDPs) [2]: 1,133,000
Refugees residing in Somalia [2]: 2,502
Total population of concern residing in Somalia [2]: 1,165,505
Total population of concern originating from Somalia [2]: 2,273,810

 

 

Sources:

[1] CIA, “The World Factbook - Somalia,” 2015. [Online]. Available: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/so.html [Accessed: 02-Mar-2015].

[2] UNHCR, “UNHCR - Somalia,” 2015. [Online]. Available: http://www.unhcr.org/pages/49e483ad6.html# [Accessed: 02-Mar-2015].

Assessment phase

Assessment phase

 

USEFUL RESOURCES
Download the document with the assessment phase.

Technologies proposed

Technologies proposed

  • Community refrigeration center, with testing space for food cooking technologies
  • Sharing of improved cookstoves (ICS)
  • Parabolic solar cookstoves
  • Point-of-use water filtration units

somalia tecnology

 

The access to both electrical energy and energy for food storage will be improved through the installation of solar systems, powering solar refrigerators. Each system will be installed in a different part of the camp, and housed in a small building. The building will be built within the project. The solar system will also light up this building and the surrounding area. The community will be in charge of the management of this facility, and nominate a responsible person (i.e. facility manager). Refrigerators will be used, for example, to store meat and milk donated to the IDPs. Moreover fresh food can be purchased in a quantity decided by the community when the market price is convenient, and sold to an agreed rate. Other uses, included income generating activities, will be proposed by the community.

Each of this buildings will house also a set of improved cookstoves (ICS), and in particular one locally made model, and two high-efficiency models. All of them will use firewood as fuel. Also a solar cookstove will be available. Community members will be allowed to use these models, supported by the facility manager. In such a way they will practically test different models available, and appreciate the difference with open or three-stones fire. Then they will practically compare the performances of the different models available. Therefore the buildings will become an energy and food area, where people can share ideas and best practices in order to improve food utilisation.

Some families will receive a solar cookstove and will be trained about its use. Families will be selected among the poorest and without the possibility to collect firewood.

Groups of families will receive an ICS to use in sharing mode: when the first family finishes cooking, the second starts, and so on. In this way not only they will benefit of a fast-cooking and fuel-saving ICS, but also of the use of a hot device and firewood leftover. These families will experience a possible improvement in food cooking, and the impact on their normal life. Each group will be composed of a limited number of families (e.g. 5).

Finally some families will receive a water ultrafiltration device, to be used at the household level (point-of-use system). This device will purify and store water, and make it potable for human consumption. In such a way the risk of water recontamination will be minimised, resulting in a consumption of really safe water.

Technologies implemented

Technologies implemented

In Somalia, and Mogadishu in particular, security is a big challenge. It affects not only the activity, but also the number of contractors interested in the supply of goods and services, as well as the cost. An international tender was launched from Nairobi, in order to have as many contractors as possible. Despite a deep market analysis, only few suppliers decided to submit a bid, and not all the technologies proposed were covered. Then it was also difficult to work about the construction of small buildings to house refrigerators and electrical systems. Finally some further considerations about technology introduction were taken into consideration.

The technologies implemented are the following:

  • Community refrigeration center, with testing space for food cooking technologies
  • Sharing of improved cookstoves (ICS)
  • Point-of-use water filtration units

Each refrigeration center houses a fridge in DC, powered by a photovoltaic system. Both indoor and outdoor security lights are installed, as well. Next to it, groups of women will use the improved cookstoves provided (1 locally-made and 2 different commercial models for each center) for demonstrative purposes: they will start with some demonstrations, and then, if possible, they will start a cooking income generation activity.

The improved cookstoves will be distributed to groups of families (e.g. 3 families per cookstove) in order to test them in a sharing mode.

Families receiving the locally-made cookstoves, clearly the least appealing and efficient, will receive a ultra-filtration unit, able to work at the point-of-use. Two different models were selected, in order to better evaluate the pros and cons.

Pilot project story

Pilot project story

October – November 2014
The main part of the field assessment was carried out.

November 2014 
The first draft of technologies was proposed.

January 2015 
Technologies were finally defined, including social acceptability and market analysis. 

February 2015
Procurement of technologies started.
Procurement procedures took a couple of months, in order to clarify technical, logistical (including security) and financial aspects.

April 2015
Suppliers and contractors were contracted.
Camp committee members were met several times in April 2015 to speak about technologies, beneficiaries selection criteria, and practical involvement at the community, household and individual level.

June 2015
The challenges regarding money transfer were solved, thus construction started again, and some technologies were delivered.

July 2015
The construction of the three buildings was completed, IDP community and local authorities approved it. Baseline of information was completed. Parts of the technologies (imported cookstoves and water filters) were delivered to Mogadishu.

August 2015
Beneficiaries were trained about the use of the technologies. Technologies for community food refrigeration centers (refrigerators, electrical systems) were imported and installation started.

September 2015
Installation of food refrigeration centers was completed. Cookstoves and water filters were distributed.

October 2015
All the technologies operational and in use.

November 2015
All the technologies operational and in use.

December 2015
All the technologies operational and in use.

SET4food is a project developed by:                                                                                                                                

Logo a colori in orizzontale senza pay off    PoliMI Croped SAFE -CropedGlobal Aliance Clean Cookstoves blue v2 Transparent    FAO     WFP

 

 
 
 

                                                           Co-funded by:      

         EU CP-HA EN                                                                                                                                                  

 

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